In the 1960s, Top Fuel drivers sat behind the engine and the best drivers were measured by much more than their reaction times. The slingshot dragsters didn't have centrifugal clutches, but stock-style spring clutches that made the difference between winning and losing the driver's ability to feather the throttle and clutch pedals so as to leave the starting line with just the right amount of tire spin. However, unlike performing a quick getaway in a street car, Top Fuel drivers were banging thousands of horsepower onto the pressure plate while sitting behind fire-belching, oil-throwing, eye-watering engines that blocked their vision with sheets of tire smoke from the slicks spinning just inches from their heads.

The front-engined Top Fuel dragsters required drivers who were as fearless as they were skillful, competitors who could not only get the car off the line ahead of everyone else, but who would hold the pedal down to the finish line. One of the best of the era was the late John "the Zookeeper" Mulligan.

Mulligan is best remembered for his pairing with Tim Beebe on the green-striped Beebe & Mulligan dragsters. With their second car, built by Woody Gilmore, they ended a string of six big-meet runner-ups over the previous two years with a win at the 1969 Winternationals. At the U.S. Nationals that year, Mulligan -- who liked having the quickest and fastest car almost more than he did winning -- rocked the sport with a 6.43 that was more than two tenths quicker than the national record. Sadly, though, Mulligan -- one of the most popular and skillful drivers in drag racing -- was badly burned in a first-round accident at that event and died weeks later.

Before teaming with Beebe in 1967, Mulligan was paired with engine builder and tuner Gene Adams on the Ward & Wayre dragster, then the Adams, Wayre & Mulligan car.

"He wasn't afraid of anything," Adams said. "If things weren't going all that great, he still wanted to drive the car. Just think about driving one of those things at night with fire coming out of the headers, tire smoke in your face, and you're sitting behind the supercharger trying to look through the fire and smoke and flames, without traction. The cars today are twice as fast, but much safer."

Carl Olson, who began in Top Fuel with a front-engined dragster in 1968 and won the 1972 Winternationals in a rear-engine design shortly before the end of his driving days, explained, "The trick was to drive with the throttle to keep the car accelerating as rapidly as possible and, hopefully, the tires would dry up about 800 feet," Olson says. "I compare driving a front-engine Top Fueler to driving a sprint car on dirt. You couldn't make a little move with the wheel and bring the car back into the groove. You could feel the front tires just skipping across the ground."

Olson says of Mulligan, "He stood out from the crowd in two ways. One was that his cars were consistent winners, and the other was that he was a bitchin' guy. He had a great sense of humor and was a practical joker. He personified the era in terms of a carefree lifestyle. He was a very approachable guy with a marvelous personality."

Among Mulligan's accomplishments from 1965 to 1969 are a number of low e.t.s and top speeds: Six of the 20 quickest e.t.s in 1966 and three of the fastest 19 speeds; three of the quickest 13 e.t.s and one of the fastest 14 speeds in 1967; four of the quickest 13 e.t.s and three of the fastest 13 speeds in 1968; his stunning 6.43 in 1969 stood for a year, and he had three of the 15 fastest speeds that year. The Beebe & Mulligan car held the NHRA speed record at 229.59 mph from September 1968 until July 1970.

"He had a real desire to drive a fast car," Adams said. "He loved it. He liked to win, naturally, but he wasn't as thrilled about winning the race as he was about getting low e.t. and top speed. If he won the race, but somebody else was outrunning him, that kind of irritated him."

Former Top Fuel and Funny Car racer Jerry Ruth, worked out of Beebe & Mulligan's Garden Grove, Calif., race shop when he was racing in the area.

"Mulligan had a real talent on the starting line," Ruth recalled. "He had developed a rhythm with his right foot and the countdown of the old five-bulb, five-tenths Tree. He would blip the throttle every time a yellow came on and he could catch the green light with the rpm up. He was the only one I ever saw who could do that." - Bruce Dillashaw

Comments from the panel:

"Archetype of the sport's Camelot period. Killed at the zenith of his career, his death resonated throughout the entire community." -- Cole Coonce

"Considered a top contender for dominance prior to untimely death. Beebe & Mulligan entry was THE car to beat throughout 1969." -- Geoff Stunkard

"His Top Fuel career was relatively short, but in that time he established himself as one of the most skilled and likeable characters to grasp a butterfly dragster wheel. Mulligan was a pure driver, focusing his efforts on getting his cars from "A" to "B" as quickly as possible. That skill produced numerous wins and an everlasting legion of fans." -- Jim Hill

Courtesy of

Always a Bridesmaid  ||  AA Fabulous  || The Fleeting Irish 
 Salute to the Top Rail  ||  Baddest of the Bad  ||  Wounded Elephant 
Beebe & Mulligan 1968  ||  Beebe & Mulligan 1969 
Mulligan - Early Years  ||  Mulligan - NHRA  ||  Tim Beebe
Lubriplate Ad  ||  Blast from the Past

Reproduction  ||  2000 Debut  ||  First Fire-up  ||  2001 Paint & Present 
Oldies Honored  ||  2004 CHRR  ||  2005 CHRR  ||  2006 CHRR  ||  Fan Mail
Beebe & Mulligan 2007 CHRR Video

Beebe & Mulligan at 2008 Goodwood Festival of Speed

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